Coconut water is a clear liquid present in the centre of a young tender coconut. The water is obtained by cutting the top centre of the fruit. The various products of coconut include tender coconut water, copra, coconut oil, raw kernel, coconut cake, coconut toddy, coconut shell and wood based products, coconut leaves, coir pith etc. All parts of the coconut are used in someway or another in the daily life of the people in the traditional coconut growing areas.
It is the unique source of various natural products for the development of medicines against various diseases and also for the development of industrial products. The parts of its fruit like coconut kernel and tender coconut water have numerous medicinal properties such as antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic, antidermatophytic, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, hepatoprotective, immunostimulant. Coconut water and coconut kernel contain microminerals and nutrients, which are essential to human health, and hence coconut is used as food globally, mainly in the tropical countries
Health Benefits of coconut water are as follows
A glass of coconut water contains 600mg of potassium, which provides 21.4%, of the 2800mg/day daily-recommended intake for adults. Potassium is essential and especially important in the right amount for regulating nerve transmissions and muscle contractions; needed for heart function and rhythm; acts with sodium to control the body’s water balance; helps regulate the body’s electrolyte and acid-alkaline (pH) balance; helps the body handle sodium and so reduce the risk of high blood pressure; lowers risk of stroke and heart attack.
A glass of coconut water contains 60mg of magnesium, which provides 18.7% of the 320mg/day daily-recommended intake for adults. Magnesium assists in the uptake of calcium and potassium; plays a major role in formation of healthy bones and teeth, together with calcium and phosphorus; magnesium taken together with calcium and potassium helps minimize bone loss and prevent osteoporosis; involved in over 300 enzyme reactions, including those for forming bone matrix and protein synthesis; vital for fat and carbohydrate metabolism and so plays a role in energy production.
Low in calorie
A glass of coconut water provides 46kcal approximately. This makes in relatively lower in calorie as compared to other hydration drinks. It is 95% water with an amalgamation of vitamins and minerals, helping establish the electrolyte balance in the body. It is fat and cholesterol free. According to a recent study, a very small addition of salt to the
Coconut water can be used as an oral rehydration aid to replace fluid loss caused by infection in the gastrointestinal tract leading to diarrhoea or vomiting.